Whether it’s through a small water basin arrangement or a gushing waterfall, water is an important aspect within Japanese Gardens as it represents calmness.

Water can be integrated into any style garden by a range of methods;

  • water basin arrangement
  • stream
  • waterfall
  • pond
  • dry river

Ornaments include Tōrō (Lanterns), Hashi (bridges), benches and oriental figures.

Hand carved in silver-grey granite, lanterns and oriental figures come in various shapes and sizes providing different focal points within the garden. If you are including a stream or pond you may also consider introducing a Hashi.

With an elegant, tranquil garden the best way to enjoy it is by having a bench within the design so you can sit and view your garden. Stepping stones are typically used to create a winding pathway through the garden.


Stone is integrated into a garden to symbolise unchanging stability. Rocks can be used that are of a natural shape while smaller stone such as cobbles, pebbles, paddlestones and gravel are also used.

If you are wanting to create a dry river, gravel (6mm) is ideal as you can rake patterns within to represent motion of the sea.


To provide all year round structure within the garden, evergreen plants are recommended. To introduce colour Japanese Acers are used, and with soil permitting, Azaelas.

Examples of evergreen planting include Matsu (pines), which are trimmed into specific shapes. Moss works well as low ground cover.

Japanese Acers (maples) come in several varieties and coloured leaves, providing an injection of colour in the Summer.